Heart valve disease occurs when the heart valve cannot correctly open due to injury or illness. This makes it difficult for blood to move to the next ventricle of the heart. Typically, if the valve opens correctly, but cannot be closed completely, blood can flow back. In turn, the heart must work harder than usual to pump blood properly, or the blood will accumulate in other parts of the body, like the lungs or the lower body.
Heart valve disease may be caused by heart damage, rheumatic fever in childhood, or bacterial infections. Sometimes, people are born with heart valves that improperly work or naturally worn-out heart valves because of aging. Other problems can be like coronary artery obstruction, which can lead to heart valve problems.
The heart has two valves, left and right. Each of the two chambers is called the atrium and ventricle. Valves are situated between the chambers and maintain blood flow in one direction. Also, the heart valves can be situated between the main arteries of pulmonary arteries and aorta and the ventricles when the valve on the heart’s left side, the aortic or mitral valve, can cause heart failure on the left side. When this takes place, a condition called pulmonary edema occurs, which is the accumulation of fluids in the lungs.
The right side heart valve disease, which affects the pulmonary valve and tricuspid, is quite rare. Still, it can occur if the patient suffers from various types of left-sided heart failure for a long time or congenital heart disease. Right-sided heart failure usually occurs when fluid accumulates in a part of the body, like the liver, legs, or abdomen. If the heart valves are poorly formed, they may be classified as stenosed or restricted, in the sense that they leak.
Heart valve diseases can also be caused in several different ways, for example, due to congenital abnormality, degenerative atherosclerosis. The disease-causing damage like rheumatic fever, excessive age-related calcification, mitral valve prolapse can lead to leaflet floppy loss, a bacterial infection of the valve or inflammation, and primary blood vessel which the left ventricle pump to the aorta.
Although some cases of heart valve diseases are natural occurrences that nobody can predict or prevent, heart valve disease sometimes increases the risk of death or complications. Worse, many heart valve injuries can be prevented if the patient is administered with proper care level. In particular cases of the valve damage, the patient might have exposed to bacteria during treatment for another condition or disease in the hospital, or the medication administered may have caused side effects on the heart valves.
If this happens case, there is a form of medical malpractice or negligence, and the patient in question has a right to take legal action of seeking compensation. The best action for anyone who may have suffered in this injury can contact the injury attorney immediately after the injury has happened. This can make sure you have a good chance of achieving a favorable result and that you won’t miss crucial milestones when filing the claim.